Voici l’abstract d’un article dans le dernier dernier numéro du Quarterly Journal of Economics. Le papier, de Justin Wolfers et Joe Price, s’intéresse à la discrimination raciale qui serait pratiquée par les arbitres de NBA, le championnat professionel nord-américain de basket (via Orgtheory.net):
« The NBA provides an intriguing place to assess discrimination: referees and players are involved in repeated interactions in a high-pressure setting, with referees making split-second decisions that might allow implicit racial biases to become evident. We find that more personal fouls are awarded against players when they are officiated by an opposite-race officiating crew than when they are officiated by an own-race refereeing crew. These biases are sufficiently large so that they affect the outcome of an appreciable number of games. Our results do not distinguish whether the bias stems from the actions of white or black referees ».